Friday, January 13, 2012

Sokushinbutsu: The Bizarre Practice of Self Mummification

Scattered throughout Northern Japan around the Yamagata Prefecture are two dozen mummified Japanese monks known as Sokushinbutsu, who caused their own deaths in a way that resulted in their mummification. The practice was first pioneered by a priest named Kuukai over 1000 years ago at the temple complex of Mount Koya, in Wakayama prefecture. Kuukai was founder of the Shingon sect of Buddhism, which is the sect that came up with the idea of enlightenment through physical punishment. A successful mummification took upwards of ten years. It is believed that many hundreds of monks tried, but only between 16 and 24 such mummifications have been discovered to date.

The elaborate process started with 1,000 days of eating a special diet consisting only of nuts and seeds, while taking part in a regimen of rigorous physical activity that stripped them of their body fat. They then ate only bark and roots for another thousand days and began drinking a poisonous tea made from the sap of the Urushi tree, normally used to lacquer bowls.


This caused vomiting and a rapid loss of bodily fluids, and most importantly, it made the body too poisonous to be eaten by maggots. Finally, a self-mummifying monk would lock himself in a stone tomb barely larger than his body, where he would not move from the lotus position. His only connection to the outside world was an air tube and a bell. Each day he rang a bell to let those outside know that he was still alive.

When the bell stopped ringing, the tube was removed and the tomb sealed. After the tomb was sealed, the other monks in the temple would wait another 1,000 days, and open the tomb to see if the mummification was successful. If the monk had been successfully mummified, they were immediately seen as a Buddha and put in the temple for viewing. Usually, though, there was just a decomposed body.

The mummies also possess the accessories they had prior to death. However, their eyes have been removed. Even so, they are considered able to see into the souls of the living and be able to perceive reality perfectly.

The practice is now outlawed by the government of Japan and not practiced today by any Buddhist sect.







Sources: 1, 2, 3


  1. And you get a tourist attraction. A way to stay remembered? About ten years it took. That's a lot of time. Was there an age limit at which you could start? Japanese Longevity. When they got to 100 y.o. they got bored of it. Interesting story.

    1. I counted quickly and I got almost 8 and a half years. That's a long time.

    2. Anything wrong with being able to view of human history? They obviously wanted their bodies to stay that way for a reason, and look, there they are, being untouched still.

  2. There is a great book on the subject called Living Buddhas: The Self-Mummified Monks of Yamagata, Japan by Ken Jeremiah. I highly recommend it if you like this subject.

  3. To what purpose did this serve??

    1. being a badass

    2. a purpose of self, that's all

    3. It was considered the highest form of enlightenment. Buddhahood

    4. as much as I want to understand it, I'll never understand it as much as someone who was raised in that culture and who is surrounded by it from birth, but you have to try to empathize with their spiritual beliefs in order to understand the purpose, this is the extreme of self discipline and mind over matter, ultimate transcendence, these monks become a Buddha through this process which is hard to understand for a westerner

    5. It was to escape this reality. We are living in Purgatory technically just so you know ;)
      This place is hell it was a way to cross over into the heavenly realms.

    6. Oh yeah, we really must empathise with their stupid ass example of starving and poisoning oneself to the point of death.

      Sounds to me like you want to be entombed yourself and are saddened that we would ridicule you...

    7. @ Formosus

      You are an uncultured jackass. Try understanding buddhism. The cycle of life and reincarnation is but eternal suffering, they are all striving towards nirvana to be free of it. The body is of no importance, it is only a shell. They don't care about death as they believe in reincarnation and possible ascension to buddhahood.


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