Hiljainen Kansa: The Silent People of Suomussalmi, Finland

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Motorists driving along Highway 5, about 30 km north of the small town of Suomussalmi, in north-eastern Finland, are greeted by a peculiar sight. A crowd of almost a thousand figures stand silently on a field near the road. In the morning with light behind them, this motionless army appears morose, even menacing. But when a light breeze picks up their colorful dresses and blows them around their still bodies, they appear to have sprung into life.

This army of scarecrow-like figures called “the Silent People” or “Hiljainen kansa” in Finnish, were the creation of local artist Reijo Kela. They were first displayed in 1988 in a field in Lassila, a neighbourhood of Helsinki. Later in 1994 these were on display in the Market Place of Helsinki's Senate Square, then on the banks of the river Jalonuoma, Ämmänsaari and finally moved to this location in 1994 itself.


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The peat-headed, wooden-framed effigies are maintained by the Suomussalmi Youth Workshop who change their clothing twice a year using clothes collected through donations.

Passing motorists always wonder what precisely is the artist's idea behind the Silent People. But Reijo Kela refuses to provide any explanation, forcing people to form their own interpretation. Some view it as a state of psychological withdrawal, others believe it represents some forgotten people. A popular theory is that they represent those lost during a brutal battle that took place nearby during the Winter War of 1939-1940 between the Finns and Soviet Russia.


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Sources: Atlas Obscura / Travelogue of an Armchair Traveller / www.suomussalmi.fi

Also see

hill-of-crosses Scarecrow-festival

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