The 3-Billion-Year-Old Klerksdorp Spheres of Ottosdal

Jul 15, 2015 7 comments

In the small town of Ottosdal, in central North West Province of South Africa, miners working in pyrophyllite mines have been digging up mysterious metal spheres known as Klerksdorp Spheres. These dark reddish brown, somewhat flattened spheres range in size from less than a centimeter to ten centimeters across, and some of them have three parallel grooves running around the equator. The most striking examples have the uncanny appearance of being something manufactured.  But here is the kicker — these metallic objects have been dated to 3 billion years old, a time when the Earth was too young to host intelligent life capable of creating these spheres. No wonder, these objects have attracted attention and speculation from not only the scientific community but various fringe groups including creationists and advocates of "ancient astronauts theory”.


Klerksdorp Spheres are often classified as “Out-of-Place Artifacts”, a term coined by an American naturalist and cryptozoologist to indicate objects of historical, archaeological, or paleontological interest found in a very unusual or seemingly impossible context that could challenge conventional historical chronology by being "too advanced" for the level of civilization that existed at the time. These objects claim to provide evidences that suggest presence of intelligent beings well before humans were supposed to exist. Klerksdorp Spheres, however, aren’t out-of-place. Neither they are mysterious.

These spheres are actually concretion formed by the precipitation of volcanic sediments, ash, or both, after they accumulated 3 billion years ago. Concretions are often ovoid or spherical in shape because of which they are commonly mistaken to be dinosaur eggs, or extraterrestrial debris or human artifacts, in this case.


Examples of calcareous concretions, which exhibit equatorial grooves, found in Schoharie County, New York. Photo credit

The latitudinal ridges and grooves exhibited by Klerksdorp Spheres are also natural and are known to occur in concretions found elsewhere on earth. Notable examples include "Moqui marbles" found within the Navajo Sandstone of southern Utah, and carbonate concretions found in Schoharie County, New York. Similar concretion as old as 2.8 billion years were also found in Hamersley Group of Australia.

Many false claims have been made regarding these objects. An often repeated claim is that testing by NASA found the spheres to be so precisely balanced that they could have only been made in zero-gravity. Not only there is no record of NASA ever saying that, the objects aren’t spherical at all as evident from these images. Another claim is that the spheres are manufactured of a metal "harder than steel", a statement which is rather meaningless as steel can vary in hardness depending on the type of alloy and treatment.

Specimens of Klerksdorp Spheres are housed in Klerksdorp Museum in Klerksdorp, a city about 70 km away from Ottosdal.


Moqui Marbles, hematite concretions, from the Navajo Sandstone of southeast Utah show similar grooves and shape. Photo credit


Moeraki Boulders in New Zealand is another example of spherical concretion. Photo credit

Sources: Wikipedia / NCSE


  1. nice try at an explanation, but I am far from convinced by it. The other aglomerations are vastly different and far short of spherical, let alone of the precision of the same three times in the same place as the Klerksdorp Spheres.

    1. The Klerksdorp "Spheres" are a long way from spherical in all the photographs I've seen. So what's your point?

  2. Are the Klerksdorp Spheres metal as it said in the article. If they are the rest of this is chin music.

  3. Sure, guys.

    Because everything *must* be either magic or aliens. Real life isn't nearly wonderful enough.

  4. seriously, in the first pics, the 3 lines on the "stone" look like they are carved.

  5. You know, everything is a theory, but yet the author of these explanations, would like all to basically act stupid and accept his lame explanations as fact and dismiss anything else. I am an architect and look at things rationally, and by looking at the Klerksdorp Spheres, I would like the author to explain to us, how the three continuous perfectly spaced carvings were naturally formed. Because of if he is willing to dismiss this by that lame explanation, then surely he must have a theory as to how they were formed in the first place. No? Go figure.

    1. there are lots of unusual rock formations around the world from regular processes. Volcanic activity melts them and when they are cooling different layers of stone/density pocket in weird ways. These balls are likely just a denser trapped substance caught in the middle of a less dense substance.
      When its cooling, if there is any bubbles /pockets of traveling magma, it may rotate the already cooling ball of dense stone, thus spinning the sphere and causing these lines. Or it may have had an outer layer that was softer stone and was eroded by rains and water when it was partially submerged. 3 billion years is a long time for weathering to occur.


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